Limitations in the possession and access to use of latest technologies and skills required to undertake such technology, have paved way for sensitization on the need for acquiring the same. This fact has further been realized while pursuing the availability of qualified metallurgic engineers for the job. At present, there are no specialists in the field in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province, except for a faculty in the GIK Institute of Engineering & Technology, Topi Swabi, but there are no students in the faculty due to further limitations in the job market. This means that the absence of a state of the art Metallurgy Research and Training Institute would further hamper the meaningful exploitation and utilization of the available natural resources of metallic and non-metallic minerals in the Province on the one hand, and would also be an impediment in attracting potential foreign investments in the mining sector of the Province.
Meanwhile, due to lack of availability of high-tech equipment and the required skills to operate these, for example, graphite tube furnaces of high temperature, induction furnaces, crushing & sewing consumables, etc. the processes involved in the value addition and proper exploitation of the iron ores and metallic minerals will not be easy to accomplish, thus, leaving the development of the metallic reserves of the Province a dream. For further clarity, the raw material for the largest steel mills in the country comes from India and China, which too undergoes a process of value addition of the second or third grade of materials exploited there. The value addition process makes the same usable for export to the Pakistan Steel Mills.
In view of the same, the proposed study is a one time opportunity to translate into reality, the establishment of such an important Institute preferably on the lines of the British IOM3; and will serve as the only pioneering Institute in the field of Metallurgy in the country, covering all aspects of academic, professional and industrial utilities. The Institute will serve a pivotal role in the overall China-Pakistan Economic Corridor long-term plans. Currently, the import bill for the metal industry in the country has been estimated to be above US$ 3 billion, due to absence of local technology, which can substantially be decreased and rather inverted towards increase in the exports through value addition in the existing metal reserves by proper exploitation. The emphasis of the CPEC plans on the minerals sector and its subsidiary industries warrants a major focus on establishment of an Institute on the proposed lines.
Upon establishment, the Institute shall cover the entire materials cycle, from exploration and extraction, through characterization, processing, forming, finishing, and application, to product recycling and land reuse. This will further promote and develop all aspects of materials science and engineering including geology, mining and associated technologies.